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Greece – Cradle of Western Civilization : Travel Information, Photos and Tourist Attractions

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Greece

Greece

Greece is a country in Southern Europe located at the crossroads of Europe, Asia and Africa. It is officially known as Hellenic Republic and historically known as Hellas. The country has a population of approximately 11 million as of 2016. The ancient of this city has an influence on the arts, language, philosophy, politics, and sports of western society, including the genres of comedy and drama, western alphabets, Platonic ideals and the Socratic Method, democracies and republics, and the Olympics.

Athens is the nation’s capital and largest city, followed by Thessaloniki. It dominates the Attica region and is one of the world’s oldest cities, with its recorded history spanning over 3,400 years. In modern times, Athens is a large cosmopolitan metropolis and central to economic, financial, industrial, maritime, political and cultural life in Greece. In 2012, Athens was ranked the world’s 39th richest city by purchasing power and the 67th most expensive in a UBS study.

greek history

The history of Greece encompasses the history of the territory of the modern nation-state of Greece, as well as that of the Greek people and the areas they inhabited and ruled historically. The history of Greece is divided into the following periods, they are, Neolithic, Helladic or Bronze Age, Ancient Greece, Roman Greece, Byzantine Greece, Ottoman Greece, Modern Greece.

The most recognized religion of the country is Eastern Orthodoxy and according to the U.S. State Department, an estimated 97% of Greek citizens identify themselves as Eastern Orthodox. Muslims, Jews and Roman Catholics are also religions recognized by Greek Constitution.

This is one of the countries who values education. Primary schools and gymnasium are compulsory education in the country. The Greek education system also provides special kindergartens, primary and secondary schools for people with special needs or difficulties in learning. Specialist gymnasium and high schools offering musical, theological and physical education also exist.

greece tourism

The place is a famous and major tourist destination and attraction in Europe for its rich culture and history. Greece has attracted 26.5 million visitors in 2015 and 30 million visitors in 2016, making this one of the most visited countries in Europe and the world and contributing 18% to the nation’s Gross Domestic Product,  with its capital city Athens, as well as Santorini, Mykonos, Rhodes, Corfu, Crete and Chalkidice being some of the country’s major tourist destinations.

As a developed country highly dependent on tourism, the place offers a wide variety of tourist facilities like Hotels and conference facilities, Marinas, Spas and thermal springs, etc. Life expectancy in Greece is 80.3 years, above the OECD average of 79.5, and among the highest in the world.

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