Homi J. Bhabha – ” Father of Indian Nuclear Program”
Homi Jehangir Bhabha was a well known Indian nuclear physicist. Bhabha is known as the father of the Indian nuclear program. He did a great job to push India to the select list of nuclear powered nations. Bhabha is a great scientist who wanted to raise India to great heights. He also the founding director of two institutions – Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR) and Bhabha Atomic Research Centre.
Dr. Bhabha left for England for higher studies at Cambridge at the age of 18. His parents want to become him an Engineer, but he was interested in physics. So he finished Mechanical Tripos and Mathematical Tripos.
In 1934 he was awarded the Isaac Newton Studentship which enabled him complete his Ph. D. After his Ph. D he continued his research until 1939. He developed on several issues relating to cosmic ray phenomena and the interactions of electrons, protons and photons at high energies.
Dr. Bhabha came to India for a brief holiday in 1939. That time when the second World War broke out. He had to go back to complete his research at Cambridge, but the war made him change his plans. So he joined the Physics Department of the Indian Institute of Science, at that time headed by Sir C. V. Raman.
Finally, at Bangalore, he nucleated the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR) in June 1945 in the campus of the Indian Institute of Science. The TIFR was translocated later on to Bombay. The TIFR building was always considered a unique structure- some called it the Bhabha’s Taj Mahal. This institute has gained international recognition in the fields of, cosmic ray physics, theoretical physics and mathematics.
While working at Indian Institute of Science Bhabha convince Jawaharlal Nehru to start the nuclear program in the country. So he established the Cosmic Ray Research Unit at Indian Institute of Science. So he conduct research on nuclear weapons in 1944. The Atomic Energy Commission was established in 1948. Bhabha was appointed its first director.
He established Atomic Energy Establishment, Trombay (AEET) on 3 January 1954. The centre was renamed as Bhabha Atomic Research Centre after his death in 1966.
Details of Homi J. Bhabha
|Name||Homi Jehangir Bhabha|
|Known as||Homi J. Bhabha|
|Date of Birth||30 October 1909|
|Parents||Jehangir Hormusji Bhabha and Meheren|
|Died||24 January 1966|
|Cause Of Death||Plane Crash at Mont Blanc, France|
Dr. Homi Jehangir Bhabha is a single scientist. He contribute so much to the growth and shining of a big country. He raising Indian science, technology and the level of education in India to the highest level. Our ex-Prime Minister Indira Gandhi once said:” When
Homi visited them that it was like a fresh breeze flowed through the window.”