Have you ever visited the Taj Mahal, which is One of the Seven Wonders of the World and a UNESCO World Heritage Site. This is Constructed in the year of 1631 and Completed In 1653. Time Taken for the completion is 22 years with total 20,000 workers. Taj Mahal Built By Shah Jahan and he Dedicated this to Mumtaz Mahal (Arjumand Bano Begum). She was the wife of Shah Jahan.
Taj Mahal located at Agra (Uttar Pradesh), India and this Islamic tomb features Mughal Architecture which is a Combination of Persian, Islamic and Indian architecture style. Ustad Ahmad Lahauri was the great Architect behind the work. Total Cost of Construction is 32 million Indian rupees (the equivalent of over US $1 billion at the time).
Taj Mahal is one of the seven wonders of the world and this is highly adorned with lots of roses and daffodils. You can see four minarets (towers) surrounding the Taj Mahal. At the time of British rulers initial garden landscaping was changed to look more like the manicured lawns in London, England. Taj Mahal is the pride of our nation.
Taj Mahal is the most majestic man-made creations. There is also a working mosque inside and is closed on Fridays for prayer. Shah Jahan was first person inspired to build the great Taj Mahal after Mumtaz Mahal’s death. There is a long-standing myth that claims artists and architects involved with the construction of the Taj Mahal were later put to death by the king.
This is done because they could never “repeat such a beautiful feat. Mumtaz Mahal was the third wife of Shah Jahan. She died while giving birth to their 14th child and she was in labor for 30 hours at age 40. According to history Ustad Ahmad Lahauri was the chief architect of the Taj Mahal. He was not Indian but a Persian from Iran.
As the Islamic tradition forbids the decoration of graves, Shah Jahan and his wife are buried in a plain crypt beneath the main inner chamber. Shah Jahan’s other wives and even his favorite servant are buried outside of the Taj Mahal. During the construction Over 1,000 elephants were used to transport heavy materials.
Inside the Taj Mahal, 28 types of precious and semiprecious jewels are set in the marble. The list of precious products includes turquoise from Tibet, and jade came from China. The Heavy white marble is the principal building material from Rajasthan. Later British soldiers pried precious stones from the walls during the Sepoy Rebellion in 1857.
Following the Taj Mahal’s completion, his son, Aurangzeb put him under house arrest in 1658. So he could only able to view the Taj Mahal from his window for the last eight years of his life. Now terrible air pollution in Agra cause the Taj Mahal’s white marble is rapidly turning yellow. Because of this Only electric vehicles are allowed near the structure.
Taj Mahal is also cracking at an alarming rate due to lack of groundwater beneath the structure. The Taj is a beautiful structure which changes color, you can see pinkish in the morning, milky white in the evening and golden when the moon shines. Another history is Shah Jehan’s daughter Jahanara Begum refused a grand burial like the Taj .
The plinth of the Taj Mahal highly varies all around. Some believes that the Shah Jehan wanted to build another Taj Mahal – black Taj Mahal as his own tomb on the other side of the river. Now around 12,000 visitors come to see The Taj every day. The stunning fountains in the garden have a special feature to ensure uniform water pressure in the fountains. October to March is the best time to reach here.
- Agra has airport which is 7 km away from city
- Agra Cantonment Station is the main Railway station and other two nearest stations are Raja-ki-Mandi and Agra Fort
- Idgah bus stand is the main hub to Delhi, Jaipur, Mathura, Fatehpur-Sikri cities.
- Address: Agra, Uttar Pradesh (PIN: 282001)
- Timings: Sunrise to Sunset (Friday closed)
- Fee: Rs 750 (Foreign Tourists)
- Rs 510 (Citizens of SAARC & BIMSTEC Countries)
- Rs 20 (Domestic Indian Tourists)
- No Entry Fee for children below 15 years of age (Domestic or Foreigner)