Top 10 Famous Mosques in Maharashtra
Masjid or Mosque has an integral part of Muslim society. It is basically a place of worship for Muslim devotees for several times in a day. There have a large amount of Muslim population in every city or town . In India the Muslims were ruled over about 700 years. So we can find many ancient mosques in various cities in India.
It is an integral place of worship for the Muslim community based in Maharashtra. In the Ramadan season believers visit mosques to offer daily prayers, read the holy Quran and partake in If-tar. The calmness and serene ambiance of these mosques provides immense peace and a spiritual experience. Following are the top 10 Mosques in Maharashtra.
- Jama Masjid, Nagpur
- Jama Mosque, Aurangabad
- Shah Ganj Masjid
- Kali Masjid, Jalna
- Chauk Masjid, Aurangabad
- Bohra Masjid, Nagpur
- Haji Ali Mosque, Mumbai
- Moghul Masjid, Mumbai
- Gharib Nawaz Mosque, Nagpur
- Minara Masjid, Mumbai
1. Jama Masjid, Nagpur
Jama Masjid is the largest mosque in Mominpura and one of the famous mosque in Maharashtra. It is located in Mohammad Ali Road, Mominpura, Nagpur in the states of Maharashtra. The mosque has an attractive dome in center and that is surrounded by four minarets. The domes over the mosque are beautifully designed and decorated. It is one of the incredible architecture.
It is usually the place of gathering for Eid prayers and Friday prayers. It has a garden in front to the north and a vehicle parking area to the south. Jama Masjid means Mosques of Assembly and Congregational Mosque. Although Jama means assembly or congregation. There is a most attractive and beautiful garden which is placed in the front of the mosque. Vehicle parking facilities also providing in the south part of the Masjid.
2. Jama Mosque, Aurangabad
Jama Masjid is one of the oldest mosques in Maharashtra. It is located in Killa Arack, which is a palace in Aurangabad. This palace was built in 16th centuary in the order of the sixth emperor of the Mughal Empire- Aurangazeb. This mosque was constructed by Malik Ambar. In the front portion there are 4 arches. This building is surrounded by groves.
This mosque is elaborated by minarets that show the earliest characteristics of Islamic architecture. You can see some Quranic inscriptions are inscribed on the mosque. There are 50 pillars are arranged in 5 rows which are polygonal shaped. That connects to 9 arches which divides the building into 27 equal compartments. There is a font roomy court that can be used for the travelers for taking rest.
3. Shah Ganj Masjid
Shah Ganj Masjid is one of the amazing architectural styles of the Indo-Saracen. This mosque is very old and has a clock tower at its far end. It was situated in the market square of Aurangabad in Maharashtra. This Masjid was built about AD 1720 Khafi Khan. The facade of the mosque represents arcade of 5 arches.
The arches are constructed in Indo- Saracen styles which are supported on the stone pillars. The central portion of this mosque is covered with graceful rounded dome. The roof is formed as a series of little domes that are supported on four pillars. The entrance area of this mosque is in the model of a little mosque which is formed with arches and minarets.
The interior design of the mosque is includes total 24 pillars. 6 of them are shaped in a cistern model. There are two water tanks are placed nearest to the courtyard. During the Ramadan days the mosque is adorned with colorful lights. This mosque adds the spark and liveliness to the nearest markets and peoples came there.
4. Kali Masjid, Jalna
Kali Masjid is one of the oldest mosque which is located in Jalna, Maharshtra. It is also known as Jumma Masjid. This ancient mosque was built by Malik Ambar during the 16th century. Malik Ambar became a popular Prime Minister of the Ahmadnagar Sultanate. He built a city Fateh Nagar later it was renamed as Aurangabad. He was a devout Muslim. He used massive black rocky cubes in the construction of mosques. That is why his mosques are known as Kali Masjid (Black Mosques) as compared to most mosques that are white.
Kali Masjid is the common name of the other 6 or 7 mosques. These mosques are built with black rocks. Other mosques are in white color, so these seven mosques get the name of Kali mosques (black mosques). The Muslim community people take regular prayers and EID Namaj is also arranged over there.
This mosque is near about 400 years old. The mosque is built in a rectangular model, there is an arcade in the front and three sides of the mosques are closed. There is a veranda and sloping terraced roof. That roof rest on 3 pointed arches. And little domes are in the corner of the roof. The base of the dome is ornamented and the top of it is covered with lotus leaves.
5. Chauk Masjid, Aurangabad
Chauk Masjid is one of the oldest mosques which are situated in the city of Aurangabad. It was built by Shayista Khan in AD 1665, who is the uncle of Emperor Aurangazeb. The facade of the mosques are includes five pointed arches. The two of the arches are very deep. Theses arches are connected by eight pillars.
These pillars are supported by the five domes. The center domes are elevated and that has a metallic steeple. And the other domes are hidden in the roofs. Minarets are also situated in the corners of the mosque. There is a cistern in the courtyard in front of the mosque. More than 500 people come here to offer Namaz every day. There are some chambers that are opened for the shops and people came here.
6. Bohra Masjid, Nagpur
Bohra Masjid is one of the Architectural beautiful mosque in Shantinagar, Itwari in Nagpur. This mosque is the mosque for the Dawoodi Bohra community in Nagpur. The architecture is known as Fathemi architecture. The entire building is meticulousness and finess designed.
Its edges lined with delicate marble carvings. Fathemi architecture highlights the Islamic devotional tradition with authenticity. The main hall of the mosque can host more than 500 devotees at a time. There have one hundred names of Allah inscribed in golden letters along the lower rim of the gallery. The first of the two floors are for the prayer hall. The height of the main prayer hall is grand forty feet.
On these two floors above the prayer hall would stand women devotees at the time of prayer. On all the four walls of the mosque are inscribed words ‘Ya Husain’, the martyr of Karbala, in Arabic, in circular frames. The community hall is used for community gatherings, celebrations and wedding receptions by the community people.
7. Haji Ali Mosque, Mumbai
Haji Ali Mosque is one of the famous Mosques in Mumbai, Maharashtra. This mosque is situated in the complex of Haji Ali Dargah. The famous mosque was located at a distance of 500 meters from Worli Bay coast, the middle of Arabian Sea of Lala Lajpathrai Marg in Mumbai. The Haji Ali Dargah complex houses the tomb of Muslim Saint Pir Haji Ali Shah Bukhari. It is a white tomb and minarets are built in very beautifully. It was built in 1413.
The mosque is in the model of Indo-Islamic Architecture style in the Mughal architecture style. There is a huge marble courtyard area. Marble pillars in the main hall are decorated with the unique mirror work art in blue, yellow and green glass chips. Arabic patterns to beautifully spell Allah’s ninety-nine names are written in the walls of the mosques. Women are allowed inside to pray.
According to the Islamic traditions men and women visiting here are advised to pray in separate rooms and to pay respects to the saint. Non-Muslims are allowed to visit the Dargah. The white colored structure’s attractions of this mosque welcome many people around the world. About ten to 25 thousands of people visit daily here. Lakhs of people came here in the Ramadan Eid and Bakri Eid (Eid-ul-Uzha) day. During that days, the pathway leading to the Dargah Complex looks like a Sea of Humanity.
8. Moghul Masjid, Mumbai
Moghul Masijid is one of the oldest and famous mosques in Mumbai. This famous mosque is located in the Bhendi Bazaar in Mumbai. It was built in 1860 by a wealthy Iranian merchant, Haji Mohammad Hussain Shirazi. So the mosque is managed by the Haji Mohammed Shirazi trust.
The Moghul Masjid is important for both Iranians as well as the Shias from Bombay. Moghul Masjid is a majestic piece of Iranian heritage. The mosque is decorated with the mosaic of striking blue tiles and also its boundary walls are decorated. The mosque is like a line of the mosques in Shiraz, Iran. The mosques have only two minarets and no dome.
It is the main feature of Shirazi architecture. The inner sanctum is made of mud from the holy city of Karbala, Iraq. The exterior facade of the mosque is built using translucent mosaic tiles that reflect light. There is a beautiful pond inside the mosque. That is filled with fish, and gleaming blue tiles brought from Persia.
9. Gharib Nawaz Mosque, Nagpur
Gharib Nawaz Mosque is one of the most prominent mosques, which is located in Mominipura, Nagpur in Maharashtra state. This beautiful mosque is built after Hadhrat Khwaja Mouniuddin Chishti. Gharib Nawaz was the exponent of the true spirit of Islam. He is the founder of Chishty Order of Sufis.
The walls of this mosque are decorated with marbles. There are 27 arches which is located all around this mosque. One can see the calligraphic verses of Quran in each arch. The main hall of the mosque can hold a large number of devotees at a time. The dome of the mosque is quite similar to Khwaja Gharib Nawaz.
The Darbar of Huzoor Gharib Nawaz is a holy place. People believes that it is the sacred place where wishes and desires come true.Devotees from all over the world came here to pray for their wishes and desires. They came with flowers, Gilaf (Velvet Cloth) Iftar, etc to offer for their prayer. Some people distribute free food.
10. Minara Masjid, Mumbai
Minara Masjid is one of the famous mosques in Mumbai, which is located in Mohammad Ali Road, Mumbai in the state of Maharashtra. Minara Masjid is the first mosque in Mumbai to use solar energy power in the entire areas of the mosque. They move away from traditional coal and thermal combustion for electricity and adopt the green initiative.
During Ramadan season, it is very crowded around this mosque at night. Lights, fans and air conditioners at all common areas within the mosque are powered by solar power. A total of 46 solar panels were installed at the masjid. Mohammad Ali Road, Mumbai – India are probably the only open air eatery area in the whole world where people from all over the world gather in the holy month of Ramazan to eat delicious, mouth watering non vegetarian dishes